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    Himalayas is known for its historical, religious, and geographical significance. Historically it has a lot of relevance it served as a guard from various invasions, a border and a meeting ground for different races, culture and religion. It formed a divide between India and Tibet. But that barrier didn’t stopped individuals from pursuing adventurous journeys to explore the unknown side of the mountains. People traveled for religious and trade purposes.

    The trans-Himalayan region was a key center for trade and commerce. With the famous Silk Route this region first gained importance during the early Han dynasty i.e. 206 BC to 8 AD. The route connected Central Asia with South Asia, and created a bridge between culturally and religiously diverse countries such as India, China, Afghanistan, Nepal, and Bhutan. Himalayas was also a witness to the Indus Valley Civilization, the oldest Indian Civilization.

    Now coming to the origin of Himalayas it can be said that millions of years ago, a collision between Indo-Australian Plate and the Eurasian Plate resulted in the formation of the world’s highest mountain Himalayas. There were several steps in the formation of the Himalayas. The first step was the collision of the Gondowana plate and Angara plate. The seabed raised into longitudinal ridges and valleys. In the second step the collision was very effective and powerful.


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